Installing Epoxy Floor Coatings

Gaining knowledge of how to install a epoxy coating onto your garage floor is an easy process to learn when you have the correct construction materials and instructions. There are countless options available which include the standard gray to exotic applications that include concrete staining that have protective top coats.

One of the most important steps is to make sure that you prepare your garage floor surface before resurfacing. This means that you need to fill holes and fix cracks. The known leading factor to coating failures is the lack of surface prep done beforehand.

Of course etching your concrete floor is where you need to start. Here are a few ways to do this:

Acid etching is a typical way for many DIY floor applications when your need to resurface your garage floor. Before liquid acid was the recommended way, however over the years Gel Technology have combined acid with gel, so that it can be rolled on the garage concrete floor with ease. They are also easy and safe to use and ideal for garage floors. Not only that, but you can find acids that do not have any Volatile, Organic Compounds, or VOC’s, are soluble in the water and are safe for the environment. The gels present an even and consistent result that many are after. Liquid acids on the other hand can pose a problem as they are extremely diluted to begin. Because of this buyers are not aware that they are in fact buying water when they purchase liquid acid solution.

It is important that you fix any holes or cracks in the floor of your garage before commencing. If you have not prepared your garage floor surface properly beforehand you will soon experience unwanted moisture that will push itself up towards the surface causing your laid coating to chip and flake. Make sure that you fix any cracks with a suitable crack filler that should be thin enough so that it can fall to the bottom of the crack. Make sure that you also pay attention to any blemishes. Clean them of any loose materials and then apply a repair product.

Next you need to choose an epoxy coating for your garage floor. You should choose a product that is between 70% – 100% solid. If you purchase a epoxy kit from a shop you will soon find that once applied to your garage floor it will only look good that day, as they are generally weak. However high performance coatings are pretty easy to find, even if this is your first garage floor coating. If you have paid attention to cleaning and repairing your garage floor beforehand you will have a garage floor with a urethane top coat that lasts for many years. Also make sure that the epoxy your install can be cleaned easily and can handle hot tires.

There are countless tools available that can facilitate in measuring any moisture content that your garage floor is holding. One easy way to find this out is to simple put a rubber mat, or plastic on the floor. Do this in several spots, making sure to tape them down and leave for 3 to 4 days. If, when you come, you find moisture underneath that you will have what is called hydrostatic pressure. Once you have determined the moisture you can then simple buy a product known as the topical epoxy waterproofer. This can be rolled onto the floor, and then you can apply the epoxy coating.

When it comes to thinking about epoxy coating for your garage floor you should be weary of any low cost systems that are on the market. Even though the label says they can, they will not be able to handle hot tires or moisture. And even though they may give an excellent appearance when first put down, they soon go downhill after that.

Enhanced Aesthetics With Industrial Epoxy Floor Coating

Keeping industrial floors in top condition is critical to business operations. Downtimes for replacement and repair are costly to business. Floor damages lessen the appeal of industrial spaces, making them a poor work environment for employees.

Facility managers rely on industrial epoxy floor coating applications to maintain good floor conditions. Here are a few simple but effective tips in implementing industrial epoxy floor coating application projects:

1. Choose quality over cost. Quality products may cost more, but they guarantee good performance.

2. Surface preparation is critical. Repair any damages, clean and degrease the surfaces carefully. Improper preparation can cause the rest of the application process and the finished floors to fail.

3. Call on the professionals. Experts have the skills, experience and resources to deliver quick and error-free applications.

Why Epoxy Coatings?

Industrial epoxy floor coating products stand above the rest in delivering the highest quality and best performance in industrial floor applications. They are highly-resistant to oil, chemicals, water, and physical impact from mechanical loads and pedestrian traffic. These elements assault industrial floors frequently in the course of daily operations.

Industrial epoxy floor coating products are also good materials for floor beautification. There are many epoxy products with a wide range of color choices to choose from. Epoxy works well as concrete finishes, or top coats that enhance the look of industrial floor finishes.

Industrial Epoxy Floor Coating Application Problems

There are cases when industrial epoxy floor coating applications encounter challenges that threaten the process of bringing back the beauty and good condition of industrial floors. Here are some of them:

1. Formation of air bubbles and pinholes. Thick epoxy coats can form round bubbles from trapped air. This can come from either an improper mixing speed, or from cement out-gassing, or the improper use of foam rollers during application.

2. Uneven coloration. Unsightly differences in coating color come from mixing small batches of industrial epoxy floor coating products, or working in sun-exposed environments.

3. Fisheyes. Fisheyes are tiny craters erupting in the coated surface, and are due to the presence of grease and dust particles coming in contact with the coatings.

Causes of Adhesion Failure

The main reason for a total coatings failure is often an underlying adhesion failure. Below are the reasons why good adhesion is not achieved:

1. Ultra-violet radiations. Exposure to the sun’s rays can break down the adhesive properties of epoxy coatings, turning it brittle and prone to cracking.

2. High humidity. Industrial epoxy floor coating products change their properties when exposed to humid surroundings. Product preparation, mixing and application are compromised.

3. Moisture. Damp surfaces, particularly concrete, are vulnerable to adhesion failure. When flowing water is present during application, it erodes the adhesive bond between surface and coating.

4. Foreign contaminants. Dust, dirt, grease and oil lessen surface adhesion. Oils, in particular, causes hollows and voids within the coating, causing failure in the course of time.

Industrial epoxy floor coating products are often the top choice for floor maintenance and repair. They are tough, enduring, and comes in many colors. With good surface preparation, industrial epoxy floor coating applications have a high chance of success. Success offers the benefits of industrial floors that are long-lasting, stylish and practical at the same time.

Neat Tips in Choosing the Right Concrete Floor Coatings

Choosing the right concrete floor coatings product for repair and maintenance can be difficult, and can even lead dangerously to coatings failure, when not considered very carefully.

During maintenance, below guidelines will come in handy in choosing the right concrete floor coatings:

1. Get a working knowledge of the properties of concrete floorings

The aggregation of cement, water and some other coarse materials like sand or gravel has made concrete strong, flexible, and suitable for many construction applications. Knowing the composition of concrete floors is helpful in predicting the behavior of concrete floor coatings when applied.

2. Know the vulnerabilities of concrete floorings

Concrete floors may be strong, but they have a porosity that is prone to cracking when subjected to constant impacts. They also crack when they shrink or receive heavy load. Knowing that concrete floors behave this way will determine the choice of concrete floor coatings to use for repair and maintenance.

3. Surface assessment and repair

The surface condition should be carefully examined prior to installation. If the surface is cracked or damaged, it is better to first repair this. If it is dirty or bacterial growth is evident, cleanup should be necessary. The reason for surface preparation is to increase adhesion during application, and any of the above-mentioned factors hinder adhesion in a major way.

4. Evaluate location and usage

Varying areas in the facility have different purposes or functions. If the area is used in the handling of toxic chemicals, concrete floors are frequently exposed to chemical damages, necessitating the use of concrete floor coatings that can better protect against chemical spills. If the area is used as a loading bay, the constant heavy mechanical and physical loads may require the use of thicker or impact-proof concrete floor coatings.

5. Identify priorities and concerns

The choice of concrete floor coatings sometimes does not rely on function alone. Other factors may come into play that could affect what type of coatings to use. If the concrete floor is in a foyer or lobby, aesthetics may be a priority, and the use of decorative paints may be the best choice. Most often, however, cost is the main factor that can influence the choice of the best coating systems to install.

6. Select the best-fitted coatings

Each concrete floor coatings product brings different performance features. The selection process is easier when facility managers know their epoxies and urethanes, and which products yield significant performance gain, or bring greater resistance, or is easier to apply and cure, or even which are low-VOC formulations, and all in all, which is the best-fit product for the specific project.

7. Be familiar with the coating application process

Concrete floor coatings application methodologies could greatly impact the future performance of the installed coating system. Poor surface preparation, a non-conformance to the Material Data Sheet, or a faulty application process, or even just a minute misstep in curing or other application tasks, can cascade into each other and make the whole installation lead to coatings failure.

8. When in doubt, rely on the expert

Relying on professional coatings contractors is still the safest route to a successful concrete floor coatings installation. These are trained experts with years of experience in the best application practices and procedures, and the know-how to implement the project from planning right down to post-application. Choosing the right products to use is also one of the valuable services that professional painting contractors can bring into any maintenance project.